AB - Using pharmacologic agents, we explored the mechanism by which a potent neuropeptide, substance P, induces the secretion of histamine from human skin mast cells and compared their effects on substance P induced histamine release to the secretion activated by anti-IgE. Histamine release from human cutaneous mast cells induced by substance P was inhibited by the G(e)-protein inhibitor pertussis toxin that, in turn, did not affect the IgE-mediated secretion. Similarly to anti-IgE, two activators of protein kinase C, tetradecanoylphorbol acetate (TPA) and bryostatin 1, significantly inhibited the substance P-induced response. In contrast, drugs that enhance intracellular levels of cAMP, an inhibitor of protein kinases, genistein, and a protease inhibitor, AEBSF, did not affect substance P-induced histamine secretion, whereas these compounds significantly reduced the response initiated by anti-IgE. Our data demonstrate that substance P activates human cutaneous mast cells by acting on G proteins and protein kinase C. Our results also suggest that the biochemical pathways underlying mast cell activation by substance P and anti-IgE are to a great extent unrelated.
Masteron will significantly suppress natural testosterone production making exogenous testosterone therapy important when using this steroid. Failure to include exogenous testosterone will lead most men to a low testosterone condition, which not only comes with numerous possible symptoms but is also extremely unhealthy.
As most will use Masteron in a cutting cycle, it’s very common not to want to use a lot of testosterone due to the high levels of estrogenic activity it can provide. If this is the case, you will find a low dose of 100-200mg per week of testosterone to be enough to combat suppression and give you the needed testosterone.
Once Masteron is discontinued and all exogenous steroidal hormones have cleared your system, natural testosterone production will begin again. Prior levels will not return to normal over night, this will take several months. Due to the slow recovery, Post Cycle Therapy (PCT) plans are often recommended. This will speed up the recovery greatly; however, it won’t bring your levels back to their peak, this will still take time. A PCT plan will ensure you have enough testosterone for proper bodily function while your levels continue to naturally rise and significantly cut down on the total recovery time. This natural recovery does assume no prior low testosterone condition existed. It also assumes no damage was done to the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Testicular-Axis (HPTA) through improper supplementation practices.